Meghan Gossage


Lecture: Maurice Cronin

Teacher: Jason Douglas

First Arts History

Anti-semitism via enlightenment to holocaust HI1001/HI1124

This article will attempt to cope with the plight with the Jews in Poland through the Second World War searching at queries such as, why did so a large number of Jews expire in Biskupiec, poland? How much responsibility, if any kind of, can be placed in different factions and adding factors towards the Jews have difficulties? And how performed these factions and main events aid the Nazis in following path to Auschwitz concentration camp, Treblinka as well as the other focus camps? Belgium had a very long history of patience towards the Jews and had among the largest Jewish populations on the globe. This is not to say that anti-Semitism was unusual in Belgium, it was an evergrowing problem there as much as it absolutely was for the rest of European countries. Boleslaw the Pious experienced awarded the Jews in Poland unparalleled legal rights with the Statute of Kalisz in 1264 and this tolerance continuing throughout the pursuing centuries. This kind of vast amount of European Jewry in Belgium, combined with the Nazis need for lebensraum (living space for the Aryan race) meant that Especially became the best location for most of the atrocities committed against the Jews. In the book, Ronnie S. Landau claims that as the Germans conquered Poland and forcibly removed the Poles and Jews into the General Government " an ambiance of standard barbarity and isolation” was made. He declares that this atmosphere in turn, progressed into " the physical and emotional circumstances which would make possible the radicalization of the Nazi anti-Jewish campaign. Extreme condition's required extreme solutions” The general unrest and turmoil was not the only contributing component to the predicament of the Jews in Poland. Poland was obviously a predominantly catholic country at the time and this only added to the anti-Semitic sense. One primary maintained which the Jews staying in Poland was a problem. He said that those should not harm the Jews but that their shops should be boycotted. Some historians such as Daniel Goldhagen argue that the number of Jews killed in Poland and also other countries beyond Germany was so high because the A language like german soldiers were " prepared executioners” inside the holocaust because of a deadly " eliminationist anti-Semitism” inside the German people. He contends that these German soldiers chose to kill Jews and enjoyed it

" and they got them (photographs) obviously, not to indict themselves but rather to memorialisze their deeds. In a single police battalion the photographs had been hung in the headquarters, and anyone could order copies” Other authors such as Christopher Browning suggest that the plight from the Jews in countries including Poland, as well as the heinous criminal offenses committed against them was magnified due to peer pressure and indoctrination. He believed that it was group behaviour plus the reality of war that allowed the war criminal offenses to happen. Possibly the fact the German soldiers were out of their country, where their people could not see the actual were carrying out, and the laws and honnete that ruled them acquired no control over them anymore, resulted in their behaviour towards Jews staying severe and brutal. Anti-Semitism grew during Poland. Stark evidence of this can be seen in the Jedwabne pogrom. During the Jedwabne pogrom the neighborhood Jewish community were bombarded and beaten, a group of all of them were then simply led to a barn and killed and buried as well as the remaining Jews of the small town were taken to the barn and burnt within it. This pogromo is a perfect example of how the situation of the Jews in Belgium during the Ww2 was exasperated and worsened by the anti-Semitic activity near your vicinity at the time. The pogrom had not been carried out by German soldiers nevertheless by Poles from the region. The author from the book ‘neighbours', Jan Tomasz Gross says

" it is simply not accurate that Jews were killed in Poland during the conflict solely by Germans, at times assisted inside the execution of their gruesome...

Bibliography: [ 4 ]. Daniel Jonah Goldhagen and Maurice Wohlgelernter; Hitlers Ready Executioners, contemporary society; vol. 34, no . a couple of (January/February 1997)

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