Comparative Education Volume 33 No . you 1997 pp. 87± 95
The Environment of Crises inside the
Nigerian Education System
CORDELIA C. NWAGWU
ABSTRACT The Nigerian education system seen tremendous expansion between self-reliance in 1960 and 95. However , the rate declined following 1986 when economic depression triggered the introduction of the Structural Realignment Programme. A population exploding market, frequent modifications in our government due to military traumatisme, a frustrated economy and unplanned and uncontrolled educational expansion almost all created a place of catastrophe in the education system. The crises included those of poor funding, inadequate facilities, admission and certi® cate racketeering, examination malpractices, general indiscipline and the introduction of top secret cults. Staff management problems resulted in regular strikes and closures plus the abandonment of educational standards. The thesis is the fact any culture which induces the uncoordinated growth of their education system and then does not provide the necessary dedicated educators, teaching and learning features and working funds for staff and student well being services, is definitely creating an environment within which usually all types of problems and downturn will ¯ ourish. Lessons for various other developing nations include the need for democratically selected stable governments instead of military regimes and better preparing, funding and management from the education program.
The Nationwide Policy on Education (NPE)
It is necessary to analyze brie¯ y the present system of education as well as its immediate earlier in order to prefer the nature, causes and value of the different types of crises inside the system. The National Plan on Education (NPE) commonly referred to as the 6-3-3-4 system, was presented in 1977 and then revised in 81 (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1981). It marked a radical leaving from the Uk system of education which Nigeria inherited at independence in 1960. Basically it followed the American system of 6 years of main education, 3 years of jr secondary institution, 3 years of senior secondary school, and 4 years of university education. Primary education is free of charge, but not compulsory. Junior extra education should be totally free, but it is usually not yet thus in any of the 30 claims in the federation. The transition from primary to younger secondary education was designed to be automatic but many declares conduct competitive entrance examinations since the obtainable junior secondary schools are not able to accommodate all of the aspirants. A significant emphasis in the NPE is the teaching of pre-vocational topics to all learners at the junior secondary level. The learning of Nigerian dialects is also mandatory at the main and supplementary school levels. Much more interest is being paid out to women' s education and the instructing of scientific research, technical and vocational topics at the older secondary and tertiary amounts. Although many insurance plan documents support decentralisation with the system of operations, there is a great ever-increasing tendency towards reunion of Communication to: Cordelia C. Nwagwu, Institute of Education, School of Benin, Benin Town, Nigeria. 0305-0068/97/010087-09 $7. 00 Ó 97 Carfax Creating Ltd
88 C. C. Nwagwu
educational control especially as the federal government is called upon to believe a greater function in the money of the education system whatsoever levels.
During the 1993± 1994 academic year, there were 32, 254 primary schools, 5959 secondary schools, 55 schools of education, 45 polytechnics and colleges of technology and thirty-five universities in Nigeria. Even though some authorities consider these statistics inadequate for a country with approximately 100 mil people, the quantity of institutions symbolizes a phenomenal price of development of the education system among 1960 and 1993. Without a doubt, at self-reliance there was only 1 university school, one college of technology, no educational institutions of education (only 280 low-level tutor training colleges) and 443 secondary...
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